10.13.2009

PIA News Service - Tuesday, Oct. 13, 2009

Overweight and obesity: emerging nutrition problems

Results of the 2008 National Nutrition Survey by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) revealed a significant increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Filipino adults.

Although prevalence of chronic energy deficiency (CED), a measure of undernutrition among adults, decreased significantly from 12.3% in 2003 to 11.6% in 2008, prevalence of overweight and obesity significantly increased by 2.6 percentage points.

The increasing number of overweight and obese Filipinos, besides genetic inheritance, may be blamed on sedentary lifestyle, skipping breakfast, snacking, frequent eating, larger portion sizes of food, frequent visits to fast food chains and restaurants, and often, just pure laziness.

Overweight and obese individuals are particularly at risk of suffering from societal pressure. Moreover, these people may suffer related diseases like cancer, heart diseases and type 2 diabetes.

In some countries, multi-sectoral approaches to tackle the problem on obesity are being organized. This would involve governmental policies on health, agriculture, education, science and technology, transport and urban planning and a range of different stakeholders across national, regional and local levels cooperating to find viable solutions.

Since overweight and obesity result from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure, personal responsibility may be the most effective solution. However, organization of peer groups, information campaigns and conduct of healthy lifestyle programs will be of great help.  

As the lead agency in nutrition-related researches in the country, FNRI-DOST has its own share in overweight and obesity management.  

The Nutrition Science and Technology Division of the FNRI-DOST provides consultation services to improve the health and well-being of clients through the provision of high quality diet counseling. The team is composed of highly experienced and competent nutritionists and dietitians. Counseling is done by appointment.  

For more information on food and nutrition, contact: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City, Tel./Fax: 8372934, 8373164; e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or m_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI website:http://www.fnri@dost.gov.ph. (Michael E. Serafico, FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service)
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Breakfast is still the most important meal of the day
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“Breakfast is the most important meal of the day” is an old cliché known to many of us. To better understand, let us take a look what is behind this idea.
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By the name itself, we need to eat breakfast to break the fast. Our bodies need to refuel for the day ahead after going without food for 8 to 12 hours during sleep.
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It is a known fact that in general, kids who eat breakfast have more energy, do better in school, and eat healthier throughout the day. Skipping breakfast, on the other hand, can make kids feel tired, restless, or irritable. The same holds true for adults.
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In connection with this, the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) conducted a study to find out the knowledge, attitude and behavior (KAB) and the factors that affect the adolescents’ KAB on eating breakfast using a questionnaire. The respondents of the study were 658 randomly selected high school students from two public and two private selected high schools in Metro Manila.
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Findings of the study showed that around half of the students from public schools (50%) and 48% from private schools had medium level of knowledge on eating breakfast. The study also revealed that the rate of taking breakfast among students in the public school was not significantly different from those in the private school. 
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Majority of the students (98.2%) reportedly took breakfast. More than half of the students skipped breakfast at least once a week. The primary reason for non-breakfast eaters and breakfast skippers was “lack of time”. 
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When eating out, the students themselves decided where and what to eat. Students from public schools ate breakfast at the school canteen while students from private school preferred convenience store or fast food as their venue for eating out.  
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Interestingly, more students notably took breakfast when it was the mother who prepared it. This association was significant only in the public school.
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The results of the study showed that much can be done to improve the KAB of students on eating breakfast. There is urgency in improving the knowledge level of adolescents regarding the importance of breakfast as well as that of the mothers who usually prepare the breakfast. Advocacy should also cover regulations for school canteens and fast food outlets regarding the provision of healthier food choices in the menu and compliance to good quality and safety standards.
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For more information about food and nutrition, contact: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City. Email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or mar_v_c@yahoo.com; Tel/Fax: 837-2934, 837-3164, 837-2071 local 2296; or visit our website at: http//www.fnri.gov.ph. (Mildred O. Guirindola, FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)
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Pangangalaga sa buto’y simulan sa pagkabata!

Malaki ang ginagampanang papel ng buto sa katawan ng tao. Ito ang nagsisilbing suporta sa kalamnan upang magkaroon ng maayos na tindig. 

Kung wala ito, maihahalintulad ang katawan sa malatang gulaman. Kaya nararapat lamang na bigyang importansya ang pangangalaga nito upang maiwasan ang pagkakaroon ng osteoporosis.

Ang pagdami ng mga taong may osteoporosis ay isa sa mga pangkalusugang suliranin sa bansa, lalo na sa mga nagkaka-edad. Isa sa epektibong paraan ng pag-iwas sa pagkakaroon nito ay ang pag-inom ng gatas na mayaman sa calcium. 

Mas makabubuting ugaliin ang pag-inom ng gatas habang bata pa nang sa gayon ay tumaas ang dami ng nakaimbak na mineral sa buto ayon sa isang pag-aaral ng Food and Nutrition Research Institute – Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST).

Ang pag-aaral ay isinagawa sa siyamnapu’t siyam na mag-aaral (52 lalaki at 47 babae) ng Mababang Paaralan ng Upper Bicutan, Lungsod ng Taguig na may edad 6-8 na taon, subalit walumpu’t-lima lamang ang nakatapos. 

Ang mga mag-aaral ay hinati sa dalawang grupo: ang milk group na nagkonsumo ng karagdagang 278 miligramo (mg) ng calcium bawat araw at ang control group na nagkonsumo ng karagdagang 40 miligramo (mg) ng calcium bawat araw.

Pagkatapos ng pag-aaral, lumabas na mas malaking porsiyento ang itinaas ng bone mineral content (21%) at bone mineral density (31%) ng mga kabilang sa milk group na hindi naman kalayuan sa resulta ng mga nasa control group. Napansin din ang pagtaas ng timbang at taas ng parehong grupo.

Ang nabanggit na pag-aaral ay isa lamang patunay na kung ano man ang ating gawin habang tayo ay bata pa ay makaaapekto sa ating pagtanda. Kaya para maiwasan ang osteoporosis sa pagtanda, nararapat lamang na ang pangangalaga sa buto’y simulan sa pagkabata.

Para sa karagdagang impormasyon tungkol sa pagkain at nutrisyon, maaaring magsadya, tumawag o lumiham kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute – Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), Tel./Fax: 837-29-34/837-31-64; e-mail: mar_v_c@yahoo.com; mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph; FNRI-DOST website: http//www.fnri@dost.gov.ph. (Alexis M. Ortiz, FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)