Tuesday, October 6, 2015

DENR finalizes 5-year environment protection plan

By Eric Gallego

BUTUAN CITY, Oct. 6 (PIA) – Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Caraga regional director Nonito M. Tamayo has emphasized that the top DENR management has finalized the five-year action plan covering 2016 to 2020 to strengthen the protection of environment in the country.

“The DENR has considered the need to adopt appropriate measures to suit to the changes and development in environment and natural resources," Tamayo said. “As the population increases, the DENR must continue to update its laws and policies on environmental protection,” he added.

Tamayo was reacting to issues made by local radio reporters about environmental problems in the face of political transition next year.  “The DENR management has taken steps about the environmental issues even as the new administration is expected to give full support about protection and conservation of the environment in the country due to climate change,” said Tamayo.

The recent Third National Summit on Environmental Law enforcement held in Tagaytay City has provided inputs in the formulation of road map or action place to improve the Philippine Environmental law enforcement in the next five year.

He said summit has focused on the top three illegal business in the world which include illegal trade of drugs and weapons and illegal wildlife trafficking.

The Philippine government has been assurance of continuous support for various stakeholders to help curb the illegal wildlife trafficking. (DENR-Caraga/PIA-Caraga)


Nutrients in vegetable juice easily absorbed by the body

By Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa

Tired of thinking of what else you can do with your vegetables? Why not try to make a vegetable juice?

Vegetables contain substantial carbohydrates, which supply most of the energy used to perform work. They have vitamins that control the chemical reactions within the body to convert food into energy and living tissues.

Also, vegetables contain minerals, which are necessary for the functioning of nerves and muscles and are the building material for some body tissues. Lastly, vegetables have antioxidants such as beta-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium that prevent our body from cancer and other diseases.

Based on the 2000 Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos, recommended consumption of vegetables daily is at least two to three servings. A serving of vegetable is equivalent to ½ cup or 40 grams for non-leafy and 1 cup or 25 grams for leafy.

The 2013 National Nutrition Survey conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) reported that Filipinos consumed only 114 grams/day of vegetables. This amount minimally increased from the 2008 vegetable intake of 110 grams.  

To make vegetable more attractive and palatable, try a new preparation and way of serving it. This will help improve the consumption of vegetables. Why not try to make a vegetable juice!

Our body can absorb nutrients from liquid foods easier than that from the solid ones. A study conducted by the American Association for Cancer Institute suggested that puréeing or juicing vegetables results in smaller particle size and also mechanically disrupts the plant cells. Thus the carotenoids which comprise the group of fat-soluble pigments found in plants and have antioxidant effects, are presumably more available in the intestine for absorption.

The process of making vegetable juice includes the separation of the vital nutrients and enzymes from the fiber, or pulp. Ideally, it would be best to drink the juice with the pulp since it is high in fiber. Fiber provides important health benefits, from preventing gastrointestinal disorders to promoting normal bowel function. It also promotes satiety, help control serum cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease.

For people who cannot tolerate consuming the fibrous material of the vegetable juice, there is still a need to continue eating vegetables, legumes and whole grains in combination with fresh juices. This will ensure that we get the maximum amount of nutritional value from what we eat.

Preparing vegetable juice is easy as ABC. Make sure the vegetable is fresh and free of spots and bruises. Vegetables should be washed properly before peeling or cutting into workable strips. Preparing juice also depends on the type of juicer used, so make juice according to juicer instructions.

Vegetable juice can be stored in the refrigerator for about a day without losing too many of its important nutrients. It is, however, more advisable to drink it right after it was prepared. Juice can be prepared by using a single vegetable, or better, use two or more different types. For example, parsley, celery stalks and carrots can make a refreshing drink. Cucumber and malunggay leaves can be an exciting alternative to ordinary juices and beet, carrots and parsnip can offer a colorful and healthy thirst quencher.

Don’t be afraid to explore the tastes of different vegetable-mix juices. Just take note of some vegetables that have strong flavors and also, let your taste buds be your guide.

Consume vegetable juice regularly; if possible, daily. Making your own fresh juice instead of buying assures the quality and affordability of the vegetables you are consuming.

Vegetable juice can give your diet a healthy boost. Try it, and be refreshed and healthy.

For more information on food and nutrition, contact:  Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Telephone/ Fax Nos: 837-2934 or 837-3164; Direct Line:839-1839; DOST Trunk Line: 837-2071-82 local 2296 or 2284; e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or at mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph.  Like our Facebook page at facebook.com/FNRI.DOST or follow our Twitter account at twitter.com/FNRI_DOST. (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)


Surigao City PNP, CADAC intensify campaign against illegal drugs

SURIGAO CITY, Surigao del Norte, Oct. 6 (PIA) – In its effort to combat illegal drugs in the city, the Surigao City Police Station together with the members of the City Anti-Drug Abuse Council (CADAC) recently conducted a Drug Education and Awareness Campaign held at Barangay Washington, this city.

According to Police Senior Inspector Tessiel R. Moleta, the one-day activity is part of the series of drug education and awareness campaign to be conducted in all barangays of the city.

Moleta added that the activity aims to educate the parents and the children of the ill-effects of using illegal drugs and its probation and punishments under Republic Act 9165 or the Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002. (SDR/City PNP-PCR/PIA-Surigao del Norte)


Feature: Calcium, more than just a bone-builder

By Marilou G. Galang

More than building and keeping healthy bones and teeth, calcium is a key factor to keeping the body running smoothly.  This is because calcium also keeps the heart beating steadily, and the blood, nerves and muscles working properly.

The human body needs more than 40 different nutrients for good health.  One essential nutrient the body needs is calcium.

But one may ask, what is calcium?  How essential is it to the body?  How much calcium is needed to keep the body healthy?  What foods are rich in calcium?

Calcium is one of the macro-minerals found abundant in the body.  It serves as the main building block of the bone structure.  It also helps build and keep the teeth healthy and strong.  Ninety-nine percent of the calcium in the body is in the bones and teeth.  It is for this reason that the more calcium one takes, the stronger the bones and teeth are.

Being an essential nutrient, calcium is needed by the body everyday.  Exactly how much calcium dies the body need each day?  This will depend on one's age, gender and physiological status, that is, whether pregnant or lactating.

During infancy, about 400 milligrams (mg) of calcium is needed for normal growth of bones and teeth.  As children grow until early teen-age years, the need for calcium increases from 500 to as high as 1,000 milligrams (mg) per day for maximum bone growth and information.

For adults, adequate calcium intake of 750-800 milligrams for males and females are needed to maintain bone strength and density.  In pregnant women, 850 milligrams of calcium is necessary for both the mother and the baby's needs.  In lactating women, an additional 750-800 milligrams of calcium is essential to supply the calcium in breastmilk.

A person may get calcium from various food groups like milk, meat, fruit, vegetables and cereal grains.  Non-fat or low-fat dairy products provide the easiest, most plentiful sources of calcium in the diet.  In addition, try eating dark, green and leafy vegetables like malunggay and small fishes like anchovies, especially with bones included.  Many foods are now fortified with calcium, including fruit juices, snack foods and breakfast cereals.

Also include foods rich in vitamin D in the diet to help the body absorb and use calcium.  Vitamin D is available from fortified dairy products, cod liver oil and fatty fish.  It is also produced in the body in response to sunlight.  Most multi-vitamins also contain 100 percent of the daily value of vitamin D.

Remember, calcium provided to your bones when you are young determines how ell they will hold up in later life.  Today, think of your diet.  Are you getting enough calcium?  If your answer is no, it is not yet too late to start now.  Remember, calcium is essential to good health and getting enough can help you reduce the risk of osteoporosis.

For more information on food and nutrition, contact:  Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Telephone/ Fax Nos: 837-2934 or 837-3164; Direct Line:839-1839; DOST Trunk Line: 837-2071-82 local 2296 or 2284; e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or at mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph.  Like our Facebook page at facebook.com/FNRI.DOST or follow our Twitter account at twitter.com/FNRI_DOST. (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)


SurSur IPHO keeps close watch on dengue

By Greg Tataro Jr.

TANDAG CITY, Surigao del Sur, Oct. 6 (PIA) – The Integrated Provincial Health Office (IPHO) here is not taking chances on the “surging” incidence of dengue cases despite the 54 percent drop Caraga-wide for the period January 1 to September 26, 2015, according to Dr. Eric Montesclaros, IPHO Officer-in-Charge.

Based on the September 20-26, 2015 Disease Surveillance Report Geographic Distribution provided by Dr. Helen Caño, chief of the Department of Health (DOH) Provincial Health Team (PHT) Office here, Surigao del Sur, which is comprised of 17 municipalities, had a total of 514 cases, ranking third among five provinces and six cities arranged in the order of the total number of cases tallied from highest to lowest. The cities of Bislig and Tandag here landed on the 9th and 11th spots, respectively.

However, six deaths due to dengue had already been posted, one apiece for six towns—Cagwait, Lianga, Lingig, Barobo, San Agustin and Marihatag, all of this province.

Meanwhile, Dr. Montesclaros stressed IPHO would never be complacent, adding they had always been on close monitor of the periodic data.

There was no noted “clustering” yet as far as dengue cases here are concerned, Dr. Caño said.

Clustering means “having more than two cases in two consecutive weeks in a Barangay location,” it was learned.

It can be recalled that just last year, Tandag City was placed under state of calamity due to surge in dengue cases.

Caraga has a total of 2,899 dengue cases admitted to different disease reporting units region-wide from January 1 to September 26, 2015, the same report cited. (Radyo ng Bayan-Tandag/PIA-Surigao del Sur)


Lathalain: Matibay na buto, yaman mo!

Ni Ma. Idelia G. Glorioso

Ang paghubog ng matibay na buto ng inyong mga anak ay tulad din ng paghubog ng kanilang edukasyon. Pinakamainam na panahon para sa pagbuo ng malusog at matibay ng buto ng inyong mga anak ay habang bata pa sila. Bakit? Sapagkat ito ang panahon kung saan ang buto ay nabubuo, o ang tinatawag na peak bone mass. Maraming bagay ang nakakaimpluwensya ng peak bone mass, tulad ng kasarian o gender, hormones, kalagayang pangnutrisyon o nutritional status at pisikal na gawain o physical activities.

Ang kasarian o gender ay nakakaapekto ng bone mass. Ito ay karaniwang mas mataas sa mga lalaki kaysa sa babae. Bago dumating ang pagbibinata at pagdadalaga, (o puberty), ang batang lalaki at babae ay sabay na nadedevelop ang bone mass. Pagkalipas ng puberty, ang lalaki ay mas nakakamit ang sapat na bone mass kaysa sa babae.

Ang mga hormones tulad ng estrogen at testosterone ay mahalaga din para sa pagbuo ng bone mass.  Ang babae na maagang nagkaregla ay mas maayos ang bone density kaysa sa babaeng bihirang reglahin.

Ang kalagayang pangnutrisyon ay isa ring factor na nakakaimpluwensya ng bone mass. Ang kalsyum sa ating katawan ay karaniwang matatagpuan sa skeleton at ngipin. Ang kalsyum ang nagpapatibay ng ating mga buto at ngipin. Ito ay tumutulong din sa normal na pagbubuo ng dugo (blood clotting) at regular na  pagpintig ng puso.

Ang gatas at ang mga produkto nito ang pinakamahalagang pinanggagalingan ng kalsyum sa ating pagkain. Bukod dito, ang gatas ay nagtataglay din ng mataas na uri ng protina na mahalaga para sa maayos at mabilis na paglaki. Mayaman din ang gatas sa bitamina A para sa maayos na paningin, riboflavin na tumutulong sa maayos at normal na nervous system, vitamin B12 (o cobalamin) para maiwasan ang pagkakaroon ng anemia, at  ang phosphorus para sa maayos na paglaki ng skeleton at ngipin sa panahon  ng kamusmusan at kabataan.

Ang pag-inom ng isang basong gatas na binubuo ng apat na kutsarang pulbos na gatas na tinunaw sa isang basong tubig ay makakapagdulot ng 310 miligramo ng kalsyum na katumbas ng 44 porsiyento na nirerekomendang dami ng kalsyum para sa batang may edad na 7-9 taong gulang.

Bukod sa gatas at mga produkto nito, may iba pang uri ng pagkain na maaaring mapagkunan ng kalsyum, tulad ng maliliit na isda (gaya ng dilis), sardinas, tokwa, tofu, alamang, at mga madahong gulay tulad ng malunggay, saluyot, alugbati, at mustasa.

Ang batang may edad na 7-9 taon ay nangangailangan ng 700 miligramo ng kalsyum sa isang araw.  Upang makamit ang nirerekomendang dami ng kalsyum sa loob ng isang araw ,  ugaliing isama ang gatas,  mga produkto na natataglay nito at iba pang pagkaing mayaman sa kalsyum sa kanilang diet. Para sa mga taong hindi naman mahilig sa gatas, maaaring isama ang gatas sa cereals, fruit shakes, halo-halo, pudding at iba pa.

Ang pisikal na gawain ay importante din sa pagbuo ng matibay na buto. Ang buto at kalamnan o muscles ay mas tumitibay kapag ito ay nagagamit. Kung ang inyong anak ay mas maraming pisikal na gawain, ang kanilang buto o kalamnan ay mas lulusog at titibay. Hikayatin ang inyong anak sa mga pisikal na gawain tulad paglalakad, pagtakbo, pagsayaw, pagbasketball at iba pa. Ang mga gawaing ito ay maganda o mainam sa pagbuo ng malusog na buto.


Para sa karagdagang impormasyon tungkol sa pagkain at nutrisyon, sumulat o tumawag kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Tel/Fax Num:  8372934 and 8373164; email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph.; FNRI Facebook page: facebook.com/FNRI-DOST; FNRI Twitter account: twitter.com/FNRI-DOST. (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)