5.23.2013

PIA News Service - Wednesday, May 22, 2013



Agusan Sur LGU adopts FARMASI to support small-scale farmers, intercropping systems

By David M. Suyao

AGUSAN DEL SUR, May 22 (PIA) -- Fully cognizant of the the sad state of agriculture for the past two decades that heavily promote monocropping and the use of biotechnologies (Palitza, 2009), the Provincial Government of Agusan del Sur (PGAS) acknowledges that the marginal/small farmer-Agusanons are at the disadvantage.

According to study by the Foundation for the Development of Agusanons (ADFI), the widespread promotion of Green Revolution technologies in the 1960s radically transformed agriculture from traditional farming systems to input-dependent systems characteristic of industrial agriculture. Yet several years after, the sustainability of this model of input and energy-intensive agriculture has been found to be questionable at best, and it is now increasingly acknowledged that the environmental and social costs of industrialized agriculture have been great.

According to Rex Linao, Executive Director of ADFI, scientists and economists attending the Governing Council meeting of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Rome in late February 2009 echoed that the best way to mitigate climate change and gain food security is to support small-scale, ecological farming, which is a turnaround from international agricultural strategies of the past two decades that heavily promote monocropping and the use of biotechnologies (Palitza, 2009).

“It is in this context that a program dubbed as FARMASI was introduced. The name of the program is a play of words as it could actually mean pharmacy, as the farm to be developed will produce foods that are full of vitality, full of life. As it was said in the olden times, let medicine be your food, let food be your medicine, so the name FARMASI. But ASI in the program name is also an acronym that refers to as Agricultural Sustainability Interventions,” Dr. Linao said.

Generally, Dr. Linao said, FARMASI aims to deliver alleviation from the difficult situations of Agusan del Sur farmers who have fallen victims to the vicious cycle of chemical agriculture.

This cropping, ADFI, adopting the principles of FARMASI, has developed large area in front and the side of the provincial capitol building planted with black rice and chemical free. (DMS, PIA-Agusan del Sur)


FNRI-DOST accorded GEMS recognition

By Salvador R. Serrano

MANILA, May 22 (PIA) -- The Regional Office for the Western Pacific of the World Health Organization (WHO) under the United Nations (UN) has recognized the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) as the Philippine government’s designated national institution to participate in the work of the WHO Global Environment Monitoring System (GEMS), particularly on the Food Contamination Monitoring and Assessment Programme (CMAP).

The recognition stemmed from a communication sent to the Philippine government through the Department of Health by Dr. Shin Young-soo, WHO Regional Director for the Western Pacific, proposing FNRI’s membership to the GEMS Food Network.

Furnished with the WHO’s letter is Dr. Ruby J. Apilado, Senior Science Research Specialist of the FNRI’s Food Research Development Group, who is the officer-in- charge of the Food Quality and Safety Section.

Upon acceptance of the proposal through channels, the WHO now officially recognizes the FNRI as a participant in the GEMS Food Network for a year, subject to tacit renewal before the end of each year.

As a member of the GEMS Food Network, also referred to as “GEMS/Food” by the WHO, the FNRI is expected to share updated data and information on food cluster diets, food consumption areas, short-term diets, total diet studies, publications and other related research outputs.

The National GEMS Food Centers (NGCs) are national institutions designated by national authorities and recognized by the WHO for participating in the work of GEMS-CMAP.

Since 1976, the GEMS/Food has informed governments, the Codex Alimentarius Commission and other relevant institutions, as well as the public, on the levels and trends of chemical contaminants in food and their contribution to dietary exposure.

The Codex Alimentarius, a Latin word which means “food law” or “code” is the result of the Commission’s work: a collection of internationally adopted food standards, guidelines, codes of practice and other recommendations, according to the FAO-WHO website on the codex.

The Codex Alimentarius Commission is an intergovernmental body with over 180 members, within the framework of the Joint Food Standards Programme established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). The purpose is to protect the health of consumers and ensure fair practices in food trade, the website further disclosed.

The Commission, which publishes the codex, also promotes coordination of all food standards works undertaken by international governmental and non-governmnetal organizations.

According to the WHO, one of the three GEMS/Food main areas of activity is data collection for hazard occurrence, food composition and food consumption and sharing of information for accurate international risk assessment.

The second main area of activity of GEMS/Food involves training and capacity building at national and regional levels for chemical exposure assessment based on Total Diet Studies, the WHO added.
The WHO also underscored the third GEMS/Food main area of activity concerning development and dissemination of guidelines and recommendations for exposure assessment methodologies.

The list of GEMS/Food collaborating institutions updated in December 18, 2012 includes the Philippines under the Western Pacific Regional Office, with the FNRI as the designated National GEMS/Food Centre (NGC) of Manila recognized by the WHO.

Another NGC of the Philippines recognized by the WHO is the Food and Drug Administration of the Department of Health (FDA-DOH).

In the country assignments to the 13 proposed GEMS/Food Consumption Cluster Diets, the Philippines is listed under Cluster L, with 12 other Asian and Western Pacific countries.

It can be recalled that the FNRI was once recognized as an affiliate institution of the United Nations University (UNU) in the mid-1990s.

Membership in the GEMS/Food of the WHO and other related international affiliations only re-affirms FNRI’s respectable status in food and nutrition research and development not only in the country but also in organized global initiatives.

For more information on food and nutrition, contact Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, FNRI Director, DOST Compound, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; 837-2934 & 839-1839 (direct lines); 837-3164 (fax); mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com (email); www.fnri.dost.gov.ph (website). (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Pregnant teens more at-risk to malnutrition

Pregnancy, according to the United Nations’ World Health Organization (UN-WHO), is the period of about seven to nine months on the average when a woman carries a developing fetus in the womb.

For most women, pregnancy is a time of great happiness and fulfillment, but it is also the period when both the woman and the developing child face health risks.

According to the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), 1 out 4 adolescent or teenage pregnant women are more nutritionally at-risk than older pregnant women.

Many health problems associated with negative outcomes of pregnancy occur during this vulnerable age. These include anemia, post-partum hemorrhage or excessive bleeding after childbirth and mental disorders, such as depression.

Pregnant adolescent girls also have to discontinue schooling and often have less access to health services and information due to socio-cultural isolation.

Pregnancy at a young age leads to long-term counter-productive implications to individuals, families and communities, as adolescence represents a key stage in development and is a critical opportunity for ensuring successful transition to adulthood.

Poor reproductive health outcomes can often be traced to adolescence since educational achievement, life skills and decision-making on childbearing have profound effects on the lives of adolescents, families, communities and society.

Related to this, the FNRI-DOST conducted a national survey on the nutritional status of Filipino pregnant women in 2011.

Results of the survey revealed that one in three or 35.7 percent of adolescent pregnant women below 20 years old are nutritionally at-risk.

Studies have shown that the nutritional status of the mother during pregnancy affects the birthweight of infant such that the rates of low birthweight are higher among babies of adolescents, increasing the mortality rate and incidence of future health problems of the baby.

Low birthweight of a liveborn infant, which is less than 2.5 kilos, is a major health problem because it has adverse effects on child survival and development.

Low birthweight also affects the person throughout life and is associated with poor growth in childhood and a higher incidence of adult diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

An additional risk for adolescents is having smaller babies when these adolescents become mothers.

Adolescent pregnant women need and deserve the help and support of family members, friends and health professionals.

Such support will be more effective if government will focus on maternal health advocacy.

More trained and skilled health workers that adapt to the demands of increasing population are needed.

Since low educational level is closely associated with early childbearing, responsible parenthood in the school curriculum should be intensified and economic opportunities for teenage families must be instituted.

For more information on food and nutrition, you may contact Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City. Email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph. Telefax: 837-2934 and 827-3164, or call 837-2071 local 2296 or visit our website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)


Tagalog news: Pres. Aquino: Pamahalaan nakipag-ugnayan sa Taiwan para resolbahin ang sulirananin sa napabalitang panghaharass sa mga Pilipino sa Taiwan

Ni David M. Suyao

AGUSAN DEL SUR, Mayo 22 (PIA) -- Sinabi ni Pangulong Benigno S. Aquino III noong Martes na kasalukuyang nakipag-ugnayan ang mga opisyal ng pamahalaan sa kanilang mga kapantay sa posisyon na mga Taiwanese para resolbahin ang kasalukuyang isyu tungkol sa pangharass at pang-aatake sa mga Pilipinong nasa Taiwan.

Ito ay dahil sa kasalukuyang tensyon sa pagitan ng dalawang bansa na ang dahilan ay ang pagkamatay ng isang Taiwanese na mangingisda noong nakaraang Mayo 9 sa mga isla ng Batanes.

Sa isang panayam matapos dumalo sa ika 115 na Founding Anniversary ng Philippine Navy na ginanap sa Commodore Posadas Wharf Headquarters, Naval Sea Systems Command, Naval Station Pascual Ledesma, Fort San Felipe, sinabi ng Pangulo na ang Manila Economic and Cultural Office (MECO) na mga representante ay nakipanayam sa kanilang kapantay na opisyal ng Taiwan para matugunan ang mga pangamba ng mga Pilipino na nainirahan at nagtatrabaho sa Taiwan.

“At ang balita natin ay naglabas ang Prime Minister ng Taiwan at saka ang kanilang Ministry of Foreign Affairs ng kautusan na dapat hindi imaltrato ang ating mga kababayan doon, at magkakaroon ng kaukulang parusa kung sino man ang mapatutunayan na magmamaltrato sa ating mga kababayan—nagpapasalamat tayo doon," sabi ni Pangulong Aquino.

Ang MECO ay isang pangkat na siyang magtatala ng lahat ng ulat ng panghaharass at pang-aatake laban sa mga Pilipino sa Taiwan at ito ay ibibigay sa ministro ng Taiwan.

Nananawagan ang pamahalaan ng Pilipinas sa mga mamamayan ng Taiwan na huwag i-harass ang mga Pilipino doon sa Taiwan dahil wala silang kinalaman sa pagkakabaril at pagkamatay ng mangingisdang Taiwanese na si Hung Shi-chin.

Si Hung Shi-chin ay namatay sa pagpapalitan ng putok sa pagitan ng Philippine Coastguard at ng sasakyang pandagat ng mga mangingisdang Taiwanese na ayon pa sa ulat ay ilegal na nangingisda sa teritoryo ng Pilipinas sa Kalayaan Group of Islands sa Batanes noong Mayo 9.

Nabigyan na din ng pinakabagong ulat ni Justice Secretary Leila de Lima ang Pangulo ukol sa pag-usad ng imbestigasyon na ginagawa ng NBI sa nangyaring pamamaril noong Mayo 9.

"Yung sa NBI naman, kausap natin si Secretary (Leila) de Lima, at natapos na raw ng kanilang ginawang investigation except for the physical examination of the subject boat. At ‘yan ay nasa Taiwan, hinihintay ang clearance for the team to go there to inspect mutually this boat, to complete the thorough investigation," sabi ng Pangulo.

Inatasan din ni Pangulong Aquino ang NBI na gumawa ng masinsinan, buo at walang pinapanigang pagsisiyasat sa insidente. Binigyan din ito ng NBI ng pinakamataas na prayoridad.

Sinabi ng Pangulo na gusto niyang maresolba muna ang isyu sa pagkamatay ng mangingisdang Taiwanese bago simulan ang pakikipag-usap sa Taiwan at iba pang bansa para gumawa ng kasunduan tungkol sa pangingisda.

"Tapusin na muna natin itong kasalukuyang isyu, merong mga unang dayalogo tungkol diyan. Pero ‘yung sa fisheries ay ating pinaaaral ang mga limitasyon natin," sabi ng Pangulo..

"Yung guarding the national patrimony provisions of the Constitution ay darating sa eksena. Kaya, pagnatapos natin ang isyung ito, makipag-usap tayo sa ating mga kapitbansa at seguradohin natin sa kanila ang mapayapa at manigong na relasyon,” dagdag ng Pangulo. (RER/DMS/PIA-Agusan del Sur)


Tagalog news feature: Bilang ng matatabang Pinoy, lumobo

MANILA, Mayo 22 (PIA) -- Sa nakaraang surbey na isinagawa ng Food and Nutrition Research Institute ng Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), nabatid na dumadami ang mga matataba at sobrang taba o "obese" na Pilipino edad beinte at pataas.

Ang datos na nakalap ay base sa body mass index (BMI), isang pamantayang hango sa World Health Organization (WHO).

Ang mga matataba at sobrang taba ay dumadami. Katunayan, noong 1993, ang matataba at sobrang taba ay nasa 16.6 porsiyento lamang at umakyat ito sa 20.2 porsiyento noong 1998. Naging 24.0 porsiyento ito noong 2003 at patuloy pang tumaas sa 26.6% ng 2008.

Ayon pa sa naturang surbey ng FNRI-DOST, ang mga matataba at sobrang taba ay higit na madami sa mga may edad 40 taon hangang 59 at mas madami ang matatabang kababaihan kumpara sa mga kalalakihan.

Ang tatlong rehiyon na may mataas ng bilang ng matataba at sobrang taba na bata na nasa edad limang taon pababa ay ang Rehiyon III o Central Luzon, Rehiyon IV-A o Calabarzon at Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).

Kinalap din ng FNRI-DOST ang mga datos tungkol sa uri ng pamumuhay at kaugalian o lifestyle behavior. Naniniwala ang FNRI na malaki ang kinalaman nito sa well-being ng mga Pilipino. Kabilang sa mga lifestyle behavior ay ang paninigarilyo, pag-inom ng alak at ang physical activity ng mga adult na Pilipino.

Ayon sa datos, tatlo sa bawat 10 Pilipino ay naninigarilyo ng 10 sticks ng sigarilyo isang araw.

Tatlo sa bawat 10 Pilipino ang umiinom ng alak. Ang gin at beer ang nangunguna sa listahan ng mga paboritong inumin.

Sa physical activity naman, pito sa bawat 100 na Pilipino ang aktibong nag-eehersisyo, tatlo hanggang apat na beses sa isang linggo.

Ayon sa FNRI, ang hindi pagkain ng wasto, kakulangan ng ehersisyo, pag-inom ng alak at paninigarilyo ay mga "behavioral risk factors" na maaaring mabago upang maiwasan ang pagtaba, pagkaroon ng alta-presyon, sakit sa baga, pagtaas ng asukal sa dugo o dili kaya ay sakit sa puso.

Ang mga sumusunod ay ilang mga mungkahi ng FNRI-DOST upang maiwasan ang mga mapaminsalang sakit na ito.

Una ay ang pagkain ng balanseng pagkain, sa tamang dami at uri. Ang Daily Nutritional Guide Pyramid ay nagsasalarawan ng tamang uri at dami ng pagkaing dapat kainin sa araw-araw.

Kung ating pagmamasdan ang pyramid, sa tuktok nakalagay ang asukal at mantika. Sa mga walang sakit na diabetes, pinapayagang mag-asukal ayon sa nirerekomendang dami lamang.

Ang mantika ay kailangan din upang magamit ng katawan ang mga fat-soluble vitamins gaya ng bitamina A, D, E at K.

Ang mga pagkaing mayaman sa protina ay kailangan din upang magamit sa pagbuo at pagsaayos ng katawan.

Ang gulay at prutas ay mapagkukunan ng bitamina at mineral upang maging maayos ang ating pangangatawan. Mayaman ang mga ito sa hibla o fiber para maging maganda ang daloy ng pagkain sa ating bituka.

Ang kanin, tinapay, lamang ugat ang siyang pangunahing pagkain na makapagbibigay sa atin ng lakas.

Ugaliin din natin ang pag-inom ng walong basong tubig o higit pa araw-araw upang maging maayos ang daloy ng mga sustansya sa katawan at nang hindi rin tayo ma-dehydrate o kaya ay dumanas ng labis na pagkauhaw.

Para sa karagdagang impormasyon tungkol sa pagkain at nutrisyon, makipag-ugnayan kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Food and Nutrition Research Institute-DOST, Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila, sa mga numerong 837-29-34 or 837-20-71 loc. 2287 o kaya ay sa FNRI-DOST email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph; website:http//www.fnri.dost.gov.ph (FNRI-DOST/PIA-Caraga)


Cebuano news: Presidente Aquino dili motugot nga madilatar ang barangay elections

Ni Susil D.Ragas

SURIGAO CITY, Mayo 22 (PIA) -- Si Presidente Aquino namahayag kagahapon nga responsibilidad sa gobyerno nga segruoon ang mandato sa katawhan ug wala siyay nakitang igong rason aron uyonan ang rekomendasyon ni Commission on Elections chairman Sixto Brillantes nga edilatar ang pagpahigayon sa 2013 barangay elections nga gikatakda karong umaabot Oktubre.

Tungod kay matud ni Brillantes plano niya nga moduso og usa ka Bill ngadto sa Kongreso aron edilatar usa ang barangay elections sunod tuig tungod kay ang Comelec wala pa gyud mahuman sa trabaho niini sa niaging mid-term elections.

Sumala pa sa Presidente, nga siya mobarog gyud sa orihinal nga eskedyul sa barangay elections ug dili siya mosugot nga kini madilatar pwera nalang kung adunay maayo ug igong rason aron kini madiltar tungod kay siya nahadlok nga basin subli na usab mahitabo ang mga niagi. (SDR/PIA-Surigao del Norte)