11.07.2012

PIA News Service - Wednesday, November 7, 2012


Sectors in Caraga discuss Phl Nat'l Action Plan

By Jennifer P. Gaitano

BUTUAN CITY, Nov. 7 (PIA) -- Representatives from faith-based organizations, business sector, academic institutions, media, civil society organizations, and government agencies convened on Tuesday for the orientation workshop on the implementation of the Philippine National Action Plan (PNAP): United Nation Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 1325 and 1820.

This activity was meant to popularize and implement the said resolutions in the region, said lawyer Marylin Pintor, regional director of Commission on Human Rights (CHR)-Caraga and Mindanao Commission on Women Agusan del Norte-Butuan City core director.

“The UNSCR 1325 and 1820 ensure the protection of women's human rights and prevention of violation of these rights in armed conflict and post-conflict situations,” said Pintor.

Bing Baltazar, Mother for Peace (M4P) focal person disclosed that among the objectives of the orientation workshop include the following: 1) to raise awareness on gender dimension of conflict; 2) to identify priority issues on women's human rights, women's participation, protection and promotion of their role in conflict prevention; and 3) to map out future activities to be undertaken by the network to implement the PNAP.

In her discussion on the region's Peace and Security situation, PSI Charity Galvez of the Philippine National Police (PNP) Caraga said that Police Regional Office-13 is prepared to confront the challenges passed by the CNN and other threat groups to ensure the safety and security of the people in Caraga.

“We shall likewise maintain our vigilance to keep a close watch on developments leading to the 2013 national and local elections and shall at all times be prepared to respond to any calamities that may occur in the region,” said Galvez.

Also, during the workshop proper, the participants were divided into small groups and have identified priority issues for improving women’s human rights and strengthening women’s participation, protection and promotion of their roles in the prevention of conflict.

Meanwhile, as advocates of the UNSCRs 1325 and 1820, the participants agreed to name the organization into “WE Act 1325 Caraga” (Women Engaged in Action 1325). Some of the participants were also elected as officers of said organization.

The UNSCR 1325 promotes and protects the rights of women and girls in armed conflict situation in terms of the following Key commitments: 1) Participation of women in all levels of decision-making; 2) Gender perspective in Sec. Gen. Reports and Security Council Missions; 3) Protection of and respect for human rights of women and girls; 4) Gender perspective in conflict processes; and 5) Gender perspective in peacekeeping.

The PNAP on UNSCRs 1325 and 1820 (2010-2016) has four interrelated and complimentary purposes with corresponding outcomes, indicators, time frames and key implementers. The purposes and details of the PNAP are briefly explained as follows: 1) Protection and Prevention – To ensure the protection of women’s human rights and prevention of these rights in armed conflict and post conflict situations; 2) Empowerment and Participation – To empower women and ensure their active and meaningful participation in areas of peacebuilding, peacekeeping, conflict prevention, conflict resolution and post conflict reconstruction; 3) Promotion and Mainstreaming – To promote and mainstream gender perspective in all aspects of conflict prevention, conflict resolution and peacebuilding; and 4) Capacity Development and Monitoring and Reporting – To institutionalize a system to monitor, evaluate and report on the implementation of NAP in order to enhance accountability for successful implementation and the achievement of its goals. (JPG/PIA-Caraga)


Reg’l Population Quiz winners bared - Popcom

By Danilo S. Makiling

BUTUAN CITY, Nov. 7 (PIA) --- The Commission on Population (PopCom) Caraga in cooperation with the Department of Education (DepEd) recently disclosed the Regional Population Quiz winners at the DepEd-Caraga Regional Conference Room, this city.

According to PopCom-Caraga Regional Director Camilo Pangan, the project’s objective was to increase the awareness and interest of the people to the issues of population.

The regional population quiz was participated by 10 fourth year students contestant from different schools representing their division.

Adjudged winners of the pop quiz were the following: the First Place went to Jul Nechaclie Rosales of Agusan National High School (ANHS), Second Place, Cirx De Tristan Botero of Surigao City National High School (SCNHS), Third Place Joylyn Villarino of Carmen National High School (CNHS).

With this development, Popcom also said that the following winners will represent the region to the national competition on April 2013. (NCLM/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Nutrition experts say rootcrops, corn help prevent various diseases

By Mary Ann R. Devanadera

Ever wonder what rootcrops and corn can do to our body?

Rootcrops and corn are good sources of carbohydrates which can be included in the diet to meet the energy and nutrient requirements of the body.

Rootcrops also contain dietary fiber, vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus and iron.

Examples of rootcrops locally available are sweet potatoes, purple yam, taro, cassava and potatoes.

Corn, on the other hand, is also a good source of dietary fiber, B-vitamins, ascorbic acid, folate and phosphorus. Popular varieties of corn are white and yellow.

A study conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) determined the effects of local root crops in lowering cholesterol levels among humans with moderately-raised cholesterol levels.

The study showed that eating kamote and cassava significantly decreased the total cholesterol levels of adults. Specifically, cassava was shown to have significantly decreased LDL-cholesterol levels.

The study concluded that rootcrops, due to their dietary fiber content, could have a significant role in the reduction of lipid biomarkers.

Another study by the FNRI-DOST explained that dietary fiber that is fermented in the large intestine (or colon) binds with toxins and is excreted in the feces. Toxins in the colon contribute to the formation of tumors and cancer.

Folate present in corn is good for the heart because it lowers the level of homocysteine, an amino acid responsible for damaging the blood vessels and increasing the blood clotting, which may lead to heart attack.

Corn also contains carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin, which aids in lowering the chances of lung cancer.

Other health benefits from corn include the increase in memory levels due to thiamin which is important in brain cell functions, and together with panthothenic acid, helps in energy production and stress reduction.

Glycemic index is the individual’s glucose response to a food as compared to a reference food and tells whether and how a food will raise blood sugar levels.

Rootcrops and the white variety of corn have low glycemic index at less than 60, which means that they are beneficial in the proper control and management of diabetes mellitus and in maintaining normal weight.

Message 5 of the Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos (NGF), developed by a technical working group (TWG) headed by the FNRI-DOST, states that one should eat more vegetables, fruits, and root crops. In the Daily Nutritional Guide for lactating women, it is suggested that they consume 6-7 servings of rice, corn, rootcrops, and their substitutes.

Root crops and corn have a lot of nutritional and health benefits, so why not include them in your daily diet?

For more information on food and nutrition, contact: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Tel/Fax Num: 8372934 and 8373164; email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Cholesterol, is it "good" or "bad" for health?

By Ma. Susana O. Encarnacion

Tired from work and quite hungry on her way home, Candy stops at a nearby food chain to get a burger and a can of soft drinks. Inside the bus, she starts eating and says to herself it will suffice for her dinner. She's too tired to take her supper anyway, so she'd rather sleep when she arrives home.

Sounds familiar? The busy world of today sometimes pushes people to take unhealthy food alternatives instead of nutritious meals.

Foods from fast food chains often offer a quick fill-in for hungry stomachs but they are often not healthy.

It is no surprise then that the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia increased significantly from 4.0% in 1998 to 8.5% in 2003 according to the National Nutrition and Health Survey of 2003 (NNHeS 2003) conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) in collaboration with the Department of Health (DOH) and 14 medical specialty societies led by the Philippine Lipid Society (PLS).

Hypercholesterolemia, is a condition when the level of total cholesterol in the blood becomes abnormally high at 240 mg/dL or higher. A total cholesterol of below 200 mg/dL and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol of more than or equal to 60 mg/dL are considered desirable. In contrast, low HDL cholesterol levels lower than 40 mg/dL) may result in a greater risk of heart disease. In general, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol is considered high if it is more than 160 mg/dL. On the other hand, the desirable level of LDL depends on the presence or absence of heart disease and other risk factors.

What then is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a substance found among the fats (lipids) in the bloodstream and in all cells of the body. It is normal to have cholesterol. It used for tissue formation, metabolism and hormone production. It is, therefore, essential for the normal function of the body. The body gets cholesterol by producing some of it. The rest come from diet particularly from animal products such as meats, poultry, eggs, butter, cheese and whole milk.

In order for cholesterol to be transported in the blood, the molecule has to attach itself to a lipoprotein molecule. HDL cholesterol is carried away from tissues to the liver to be metabolized and eliminated. LDL, on the other hand, is carried to the tissues where it may be deposited and stored. Too much LDL cholesterol can predispose to clogging of the arteries. If the blood flow to the heart muscle is blocked, a heart attack can occur. If the blood flow to certain parts of the brain is affected, on the other hand, a stroke results.

What foods are cholesterol-rich and how does a person limit consumption?

Cholesterol is only found in animal foods. Food from plants are said to be almost entirely cholesterol-free. Foods which have high cholesterol content include: organ meats (like liver, kidney and brain) as well as shellfishes (such as crabs, lobsters, oysters, shrimps and clams).

Cheese, eggs, lard and other animal fats are likewise rich in cholesterol. If a person has his blood tested and finds that he has high blood cholesterol level, limiting his intake of cholesterol-rich foods alone, however, will not guarantee lowering his blood cholesterol. High blood cholesterol level is related to a number of factors like heredity, being overweight and inactive and having too much saturated fat in the diet.

Saturated fat intake has much greater influence on blood cholesterol levels than cholesterol intake. Saturated fats are found in animal foods such as butter, fatty meats and poultry, whole milk, cheese and cream, as well as lard and saturated oils. The main dietary modification therefore to lower serum cholesterol level, is to limit the intake of saturated fat in the diet. Fat in meats and chicken are likewise rich in
saturated fats.

How can a person limit the intake of cholesterol and saturated fats while eating animal products?

The following are some suggestions: Eat fish more often than meat or poultry; Limit the intake of egg yolk to two to three times a week; Remove skin of poultry. Trim fat from meat and poultry; Occasionally replace animal foods with dried beans, peas and legumes; Increase intake of fruits and vegetables to five servings a day; Roast meat on a rack to allow meat fat to drip out during cooking; and Read labels to select foods lower in cholesterol and saturated fat.

So, the next time you pass by a food chain or any convenience store, think twice before you order and feast on your favorite burgers and fries. Remember that what you take in your body will take its toll on your health and well-being. Eat healthy and enjoy a longer life.

For more information on food and nutrition, contactl: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City, tel/fax no. 837-2934, 837-2071 local 2287, e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOSTwebsite: http//www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Lose weight naturally

By Josefina T. Gonzales

One of the most engaging and exhausting “wars” being fought by Pinoys today is on obesity.

Results of the 7th National Nutrition Survey by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) revealed that there has been a significant increase in the prevalence of overweight and obese among adults.

Pinoys are trying all kinds of methods of weight loss, from pills to diet drinks, exercise and good eating, to dangerous medical procedures.

While many of these methods may be successful, being able to lose weight naturally is truly the safest way to meet a weight goal and have a body that is fit and healthy.

However, the ability to lose weight naturally takes some time.

What is the secret to natural weight loss?

The secret to losing weight naturally all comes down to making some simple lifestyle choices.

Such choices may include a small change in the diet by adding healthier foods like fresh fruits and vegetables, fish and dairy products like milk, while cutting out excess fats, sugars and salt, and engaging in some physical activities like brisk walking, jogging and swimming in the daily routine.

Managing stress means an eight-hour sleep everyday which helps increase metabolism, allows food to be digested faster, and provides more energy.

There are numerous weight-loss plans that are effective because they are built on some strategies for permanent weight management.

Here are some strategies for successful weight loss:

- Start your day with a healthy breakfast that includes low fat milk, boiled egg, whole grain wheat bread, cereals and fruits. Many overweight people skip breakfast. Start living life like a thin person, and make breakfast a healthy habit.

- Eat a variety of foods everyday! No single food can provide all the necessary nutrients that your body needs. Consume more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Refrain from consuming processed foods like hotdogs, tocino or longganisa.

- Eat with a sense of purpose: savor the flavors and engage your senses so that you truly acknowledge what you are eating. Avoid mindless munching that happens while you cook, drive or watch television.

- Control your portions. Successful dieters don’t super size their meals.

- Don’t try to manage your stress with food. Many people eat in response to stress. Unfortunately, food does not help you cope with stress. It simply adds calories to your daily food intake. Find a more effective alternative.

- Read labels to determine the healthiest food options. Pay attention to the serving size and nutrient content like calories, fat, sodium and sugars.

- Stay motivated! It is easy to fall off the wagon, but when you have a buddy to help and support you, it is easier to brush yourself off and get back on the plan.

If you lose weight naturally, you’re rebuilding your body naturally from the inside out instead of just making some cosmetic changes to the exterior.

Good nutrition and healthy lifestyle lead to a longer and happier life and losing weight naturally will help you achieve that goal.

For more information on food and nutrition, contact: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Tel/Fax Num: 8372934 and 8373164; email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Drink water, be healthy

By Imelda Angeles-Agdeppa

Water is the most abundant component in the body since it makes up 70-75 percent of our total body weight. It aids in digestion, absorption, transport and utilization of electrolytes and other nutrients. It also helps maintain body temperature and excretes waste products from the lungs, skin and kidneys. Furthermore, it is considered as the most essential of all nutrients.

Our body needs to be sufficiently supplied with water to replace the loss of water in urine, sweat, perspiration, feces, as well as through other body processes that cannot be seen. Not supplying enough water in the body can affect bodily function and can lead to dehydration and also even to death. With this, it is just right to say that "water gives life" or without water there could be no life."

Drinking only when thirsty is not a good idea! Don't wait until you are thirsty to decide to drink because by the time you are thirsty, your body is already dehydrated. Fluid replacement should be a daily plan.

The daily fluid requirements will vary with the environmental conditions, clothing, intensity and duration of exercise, and other activities. Based on the 2000 Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos developed by a technical working group led by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), water or fluid requirement ranges from 10 milliliters per kilogram (ml/kg) of body weight for infants to 25 milliliters per kilogram body weight for adults which is about 3 glasses of fluids for infants and 6-8 glasses for adults.

You can also get fluids from fruits, vegetables, and other beverages like fruit juices, fortified drinks and flavored sports drink, which provide additional vitamins, especially vitamin C.

To be healthy, get yourself a glass of water and start hydrating your body. Drink plenty of water!

For more information on food and nutrition, contact: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST), Gen. Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig, Metro Manila; Tel/Fax No.: 837-2934, 837-3164; Trunk line: 837-2071 to 82, local 2296 or 2280; e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph; FNRI-DOST website: http//www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service/PIA-Caraga)


Feature: Diabetic Prevalence Increases with Age

By Imelda Angeles Agdeppa

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced.

Insulin is produced by the pancreas and is being used by cells to utilize sugar for energy production.

The classical symptoms for diabetes mellitus are frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger.

Diabetes has two main types, Types 1 and 2. Type 1 diabetes results from the body's failure to produce insulin and requires the person to inject insulin. Type 2 diabetes results from insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency.

The causes of diabetes are attributed to both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise.

The 7TH National Nutrition Survey (NNS) conducted by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) reported that the prevalence of high fasting blood sugar (FBS) in the Philippines is 4.8 percent, based on the average FBS of more than 126 milligrams per deciliter.

Fasting blood sugar is a blood test that determines the amount of glucose in the blood and is mainly used in screening for pre-diabetes or diabetes.

In people already with diabetes, blood glucose monitoring with frequent intervals is important to manage the condition.

Data from the NNS showed that the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) increases with age. Among young adults 20-29 years old, DM prevalence is as low as 0.4 percent, increasing at 3.2 percent among adults 30-39 years old. This nearly doubles at 5.7 percent among the 40-49 years old, then to 9.0 percent among 50-59 years old. DM prevalence is highest among older persons 60-69 years old at 9.1 percent.

The prevalence of hyperglycemia (or high FBS level) increased from 3.4 percent in 2003 to 4.8 percent in 2008.

Currently, the use of Hb1C (or glycosylated hemoglobin test) is one of the best assessments to determine diabetes which is a form of hemoglobin measurement primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time.

In late adulthood, foods need to be chosen carefully to ensure adequate nutrition without excess consumption of calories since physiological changes that accompany aging may affect nutrition.

There is actually no treatment for diabetes mellitus, though it can be controlled and still be prevented with a proper diet and a healthy lifestyle.

A diabetic requires a lot of time and commitment in controlling the blood sugar through maintaining and achieving desirable body weight by eating the right type of food at the right time which are important in reducing the risk of complication of this disease.

A diabetic diet is a must to have a healthy eating plan that is high in nutrients, low in fat, and moderate in calories.

Inclusion of foods rich in fiber in the diet such as oats, cereals, legumes, wholegrain products, dried beans, peas, lentils, fruits, vegetables will also help in blood sugar control and thus may reduce the risk of diabetes.

A healthy lifestyle must be encouraged, such that smoking and excessive alcohol drinking should be avoided.

Moreover, it is suggested that patients with diabetes start physical activities such as walking 20 minutes three to four times a week, then gradually increasing this to 30 minutes. Physical activities should be something genuinely enjoyed so that it becomes a lifetime habit.

For more information on food and nutrition, contact Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City. E-mail: mcv@fnri.dost.gov.ph or mar_v_c@yahoo.com Telefax: 837-2934 and 827-3164, or call: 8372071 local 2296 or visit our website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service/PIA-Caraga)


Cebuano news: Palasyo pabilin nga malaumon nga ipasar sa mga senado ang sin tax reform bill

Ni Susil D. Ragas

SURIGAO CITY, Nob. 7 (PIA) – Ang MalacaƱang pabilin naglaom nga ipasar sa mga senador ang sin tax reform bill karong tuiga tungod sa national interest ug public health.

“We remain hopeful that the sin tax measures will be given due consideration by our senators. It is obviously in everybody’s national interest to keep looking at the sin tax measure and to see what good it can do for the health sector,” si Deputy Presidential spokesperson Abigail Valte miingon atol sa press conference didto sa Malacanang kagahapon.

Senators expects Sen. Franklin Drilon to convene within the week an urgent meeting of the Committee on Ways and Means to quickly adopt a new report endorsing higher sin taxes on cigarettes and alcoholic drinks. Drilon is the current chair of the Senate Committee on Ways and Means.

Ang mga Senador nagdahom nga tigumon ni Senator Franklin Drilon karong semanaha ang Committee on Ways and Means aron makahimo og bag-ong report pagduso og taas nga sin taxes sa sigarilyo ug alcoholic drinks. Si Drilon maoy kasamtangang chairman sa Senate Committee on Ways and Means.

Matud ni Valte ang pagpasar sa sin tax reform bill gikinahanglan aron ang gobyerno aron mapun-an ang kakulangon sa badyet labi na ang sa health sector. Matud pa niya nga ubos sa gisugyot nga 2013 national budget, ang gobyerno migahin og P54-bilyon alang sa health services.

Ang kwarta nga makolekta gikan sa sin taxes pagagamiton aron itukod og dugang mga health facilities, rural health units, district hospitals, ug uban pang mga pasilidad.

Gamiton usab kini alang sa pagbayad sa mga premiums alang sa expanded coverage sa PhilHealth, tungod kay gilakip na karon sa gobyerno pag cover ang mga indigent patients, matud ni Valte.

Kalabot na sa mga pagduha-duha nga ang maong balaod moresulta og dugang mga kabanta-onan ang mosigarilyo ug moinom sa ilomnong makahubog nga maoy nasinati sa laing mga nasod. Si Valte miingon nga seguradong ekonsiderar sa mga magbabalaod ang maong isyu sa higayon nga mosugod na sila sa ilang deliberasyon.

Pipila usab ka mga grupo miingon nga posible nga ang mga criminal syndicates mihimo na lamang og smuggling tungod sa taas nga buwis sa sigarilyo ug bino, apan matud pa ni Valte nga ang maong mga kabalaka pwede masolusyon sa balaod.

Ang administrasyong Aquiino nagtinguha nga makakuha og P60 bilyon sa matag tuig gikan sa dugang nga buwis sa mga produktong sigarilyo ug bino. (PIA-Surigao del Norte)


Cebuano News: Aquino mitinguha ang pagrepleka sa “dark time” sa nasud sa kasaysayan nga libro diin giwagtang ang kagawasan

Ni Nida Grace B. Tranquilan

MANILA, Nob. 7 (PIA) -- Gawas sa pagtrabaho alang sa hinanali nga pagpagawas ug benepisyo ngadto sa mga biktma sa Martial Law, si Presidente Benigno S. Aquino III midugang sa pagtinguha nga ang libro sa kasaysayan morepleka sa “dark time” sa kasaysayan sa Pilipinas sa igong pagtugyan ug gahom sa gobyerno sa pagwagtang sa kagawasan ug pamintaha sa mga Pilipino.

"Kinahanglan klaro sa mga libro sa atoang kasaysayan nga dunay panahon nga ang gobyerno nga gimugna sa katawhan gigamit batok sa katungod sa mga katawhan (…kailangan klaro sa mga aklat ng ating kasaysayan na nagkaroon ng panahon na ang gobyernong itinatag ng taumbayan ay ginamit para supilin ang mga karapatan ng taumbayan,”), sulti sa Presidente.

Siya misulti nga sa pagbutang ug mangitngit nga chapter sa makasaysayan nga libro siya misiguro nga ang Martial Law dili na mahitabo ug usab.

“Kinahanglan my pormalidad alang sa umaabot nga henerasyon nga dunay abnormal nga period, nga dunay bangongot nga nahitabo sa mga katawhang Pilipino nga way gidudahan nga lamdag kayo aron mapasiguro nato nga din na mausab sa mga umaabot nga panahon, (“…kailangan may formality for future generations na may aberrant period, merong bangungot na nangyari sa sambayanang Pilipino na walang kaduda-duda at maliwanag para masigurado nating ‘di na maulit sa mga darating na panahon,”) sulti sa Presidente.

Ang Presidente mipasalig aron sa pagduso ug importanteng lakang ngadto sa Balay balauran aron ang adbokasiya mahimong reyalidad. (NGBT/PIA-Surigao del Sur)