PIA News Service - Thursday, August 13, 2009

Surigao City hosts 3rd PPA-DOJ Execon
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SURIGAO CITY (August 13) - Parole and Probation Administration (PPA) Administrator Ismael J. Herradura along with the regional directors and assistant regional directors conducted its 3rd Executive Conference (ExeCon) meeting on August 11, 2009 at Hotel Tavern Surigao, Surigao City. The agenda of the conference focused more on the 7 Strategic Pathways currently implemented by the agency specifically on harmonizing their programs, strengthening the training capability of their personnel, strengthening their Information Technology competency and as well as the structure, its funding support, and benchmarking practices per region.
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Adm. Herradura explained why they have chosen Surigao City as the venue for the conference, “our first Execon was held in Tuguegarao in Luzon and we’re able to observe many good things that they are doing and after Tuguegarao we went to Region 8 for the second ExeCon, in Biliran. This time, we move on to Mindanao, napili naming ang Surigao kasi yung nasubmit na programa ng Caraga sa opisina gusto naming evalidate (we chose Surigao because we want to validate the programs submitted by Caraga).
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“And we are happy to tell you that we did not fail,” Herradura added.
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He also admired the partnership of the local government and his office in terms of the agency’s best practices currently implemented in their agency. “Our partnership of the LGU here is very excellent, the Governor, the Mayor they are supportive of the program, kailangan naming yan sa aming programa na community based treatment (we need it for our community based treatment program).”
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On the part of the City Government of Surigao, Mayor Alfonso Casurra in a radio interview said the city was very proud to host the PPA’s 3rd ExeCon Meeting. 
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“On behalf of the local government unit of Surigao, we would like to express our gratitude for selecting the city as the host city for their meeting,” said Mayor Casurra.
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Casurra also revealed that the city government hosted a welcome dinner last August 11 at the City Cultural Center.
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PPA’s ExeCon is a quarterly management meeting presided over by the PPA Administrator with the deputy administrator, regional directors and asst. regional directors as members that serve as a venue for threshing out issues and concerns of the agency. The four-day conference which started last Tuesday, August 11 will culminate with a tour wherein the guests will be brought to the nearby tourist destinations of the city in coordination with the City Tourism Office. (Fryan E. Abkilan, PIA-Surigao del Norte)
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2010 deadline to rout the NPA unattainable as the struggle continues
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BUTUAN CITY (August 13) – “NPA stronghold in Caraga is gaining strength despite the surrender of few as new generations are on the verge of entering a new stage of revolutionary struggle,” this was revealed by Ka Lenin who was among the 3 additional NPA members who surrendered to authorities.
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Police Regional Director Lino Calingasan admits the 2010 deadline for the AFP in active support of the PNP to solve insurgency problems is unattainable, but it will reduce the number of NPA rebels and assured the people that they are doing the best they can to comply the guidelines and achieve the goals that has been set by the President.
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On the part of the AFP, 26IB Commanding Officer Lt. Col. Andres Centino said that the campaign against insurgency in the region is encouraging with the series of NPA members who returning back to the folds of the law as a result of the sincerity of the government in attaining a lasting peace.
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“Communist rebels will no longer be treated as a national security threat by 2010 and would be reduced into a matter of police concerns,” added Lt. Col. Centino.
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Yesterday, 2 NPA leaders and 3 members who surrendered on August 6 in Talacogon, Agusan del Sur were presented to Police Chief Supt. Lino Calingasan in a press conference at Police Regional Office 13 conference room with the presence of Operations and FESAGS Chief PSS Nestor Fajura, Chief of Directorial Staff PSS Samuel Yordan, Agusan del Sur Police Provincial Director Antonio Paguirigan and Lt. Col. Centino of the 26IB, 4th Infantry Division.
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Ka Lenin confessed about how they, as Lumads were being exploited by the NPA’s taking advantage of their innocence and vulnerability to certain issues confronted by people living in poverty.
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He blatantly said that they were forced to join the NPA due to the lack of government support in their hope to have a better life.
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However, comrades and families were beginning to get sick and medical attention was not given although they were being promised by NPA leaders.
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The surrender of Ka Lenin, Ka Alfon, Alyas Joy, Alyas Braggo and Alyas Ayaba disclose the state of insufficiency in motivation to keep on fighting for the armed struggle movement. They broke free from the NPA and decided to live a normal life and now undergoing social integration program to prepare them to join the community.
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To date, the Office of the Presidential Adviser for Peace Process was able to release close to 3M for the Social Integration Program of Caraga’s rebel returnees, now called Kauban sa Reporma. (Jocelyn E. MOrano, dxBN-Radyo ng Bayan Butuan/ PIA-Caraga)
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Feature: Train your child to eat family food
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The pre-school age of one to six years is the most difficult stage in feeding a child since the appetite tapers off, resulting to lower rate of growth.
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Feeding your child involves more than planning, preparing and serving nutritionally-adequate meals because the child must learn to accept and like the good diet provided. Providing the right foods promotes good health and develops good eating habits.
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Here are some suggestions you can try to overcome feeding problems with preschoolers:
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• Introduce one new food at a time. For example, give your child rice and pork. Allow your child to become familiar with this food before trying other foods like chicken, beef, fish, vegetables, fruits, and others. It is best to introduce new foods at the beginning of the feeding when your child’s appetite is still good.
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• If after several trials, your child still refuses to eat a particular food, omit it for a week or two, then try again. If the dislike persists, omit entirely and substitute another food.
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• Start with a small amount of any food – a teaspoonful, then gradually increasing the amount to a tablespoonful or more.
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• Avoid giving hard candies and other sweets which destroy appetite and cause tooth decay.
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• Make snacks count. Serve nutritious snacks like rootcrops, beans and fresh fruits instead of candied and softdrinks which dull the appetite.
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• Avoid serving too spicy and highly-seasoned foods. These may destroy the appetite for the more bland but highly-nutritious foods.
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• Do not over-react if your child does not want to eat. Maybe the child does not feel hungry. Do not worry, the child will make up for it the next time.
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• Never force your child to eat more of a food than he or she takes willingly.
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• Remember that no single food contains all the nutrients your child needs for nutritional health. Serve a variety of foods in the right amounts everyday. Include some of the foods from each group of the “Daily Nutritional Guide Pyramid for one to six years old”.
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For more information on food and nutrition, write or call: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Tel/Fax Nos.: 8372934 and 8373164; email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Ma. Idelia G. Glorioso, FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service)
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Feature: Cancer is indeed preventable
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Healthy diet and physical activity are vital to our general health and well-being. It has long been known that the right choices of foods and drinks and healthy lifestyle can protect against heart diseases and many types of cancer.

The Diet and Health Recommendation for the Prevention of Cancer from the World Cancer Research Fund’s report on Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer, A Global Perspective, provides practical advice. The recommendations focused on “whole” foods rather than specific dietary constituents and extended to other factors related to diet, including body weight and level of physical activity.
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Inhibitors and Promoters of Cancers
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The sequence of events that leads to cancer is complex and varied. A combination of genetics, environmental and lifestyle factors are involved in turning a normal cell into an abnormal or damaged cell, and a damaged cell into cancer.
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Some factors, known as inhibitors, help slow the process down, while other factors, known as promoters can speed up the rate at which the damaged cells multiply and so encourage the development of cancer.
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Food and drinks contain nutrients and compounds that help the body’s defense system to destroy carcinogens before they damage cells and help prevent cancer. They may also stop or even reverse cancer development at the later stage. These nutrients and compounds are found in abundance in vegetables and fruits and other foods which come from plants.
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On the other hand, scientific evidence has shown that other foods, if eaten often and in large quantities, as well as certain lifestyle, can increase risk of cancer. In particular, diets high in salt, red meat and meat products, as well as fat and certain lifestyle habits like smoking, and drinking alcohol, have all been linked to a higher risk of certain cancers.
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Protecting Ourselves
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Eating healthy, keeping active and staying at a healthy weight can lower cancer risk by 30 to 40 percent. Taking five or more servings of vegetables and fruits every day could reduce overall cancer rates by more than 20 percent. By modifying the diet and lifestyle and not smoking, the potential to lower cancer risk is 60-70 percent.
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Why Eat Vegetables and Fruits?
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Vegetables and fruits taste great, are fun to cook and packed with vitamins, minerals, fiber, and orange of other bioactive compounds.
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Most helpful compounds in the fight against cancer are carotenoids, vitamin C, vitamin E, selenium, and dietary fiber, all of which are formed in good quantities in plant foods.
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The table below reveals the sources of the range of nutrients considered to be most valuable in helping to prevent cancer:
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Carotenoids Likely to protect against lung cancer. Beta-carotene May help protect against cancers of the Dark green, yellow and esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum,orange vegetables & breast and cervix fruits.
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Vitamin C Likely to protect against stomach cancer. Almost exclusively in May help protect against cancers of the vegetables and fruits mouth, pharynx, esophagus, pancreas, lung and cervix.
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Vitamin E May help protect against lung and cervical cancers in many vegetables and fruits – rich sources are cereals, nuts and seeds.
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Selenium May help protect against lung cancer. Absorbed by vegetables, fruits, and cereals from the soil in which they are grown.
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It is important to eat a variety of fruits and vegetables, as each type contains a different combination of essential nutrients. Variety ensures that a good selection of these protective nutrients is provided.
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For more information on food and nutrition, write or call: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Tel/Fax Nos.: 8372934 and 8373164; email: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph, mar_v_c@yahoo.com; FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Celeste C. Tanchoco, FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service)
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Feature: It’s good to detox
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Do you feel very exhausted lately?  
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Do you think your diet is quite indulging, consisting of fatty and salty foods? Do you crave for sweets all the time?  
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Well, it might be time for you to detox!
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Detoxification, or simply detox, is the removal of toxic substances from the body. This process essentially involves resting and nourishing the body.  
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It is believed that through proper nutrition, healthy lifestyle and regular exercise, you can help protect your body from lifestyle diseases and maintain optimum health.
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The following are some detox tips:
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1. Limit consumption of fats, oils and sweets. As illustrated in the food pyramid guide of the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) fats, oils and sweets should contribute the least amount in the diet. This pyramid is a simple and easy-to-follow daily eating guide for Filipinos.
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2. Consume fiber-rich foods, like cereals, grains, fruits and vegetables. Fiber helps your body eliminate body wastes andpromotes regular bowel movement.
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3. Perform aerobic exercise regularly for at least three to five times a week for twenty to thirty minutes or more.
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4. Do not smoke.
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5. Limit alcohol consumption or drink in moderation.
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6. Relieve stress by meditating, relaxing and getting enough sleep.
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Promoting healthy lifestyle and good nutrition is part of the Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos (NGF). The NGF was developed by an inter-agency technical working group (TWG) headed by the FNRI-DOST.
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These guidelines aim to improve current dietary practices to prevent lifestyle diseases, particularly the diet-related health problems like diabetes, heart diseases, and obesity.
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For more information on food and nutrition, write or call: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, Gen. Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City; Telefax: 8373164; e-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or mar_v_c@yahoo.com. You may also visit the FNRI-DOST website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph.
(Chona M. Fernandez-Patalen, FNRI-DOST S & T Media Service)
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Feature: Bone Health of Pinoy Children Overlooked
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Low bone mineral content and bone mineral density among Filipino children are often ignored. Left untreated, multiple fractures and possible bone deformities may result.  

But what really are bone mineral content and bone mineral density and how can we ensure that our children possess enough of these?

Bone mineral content is a measurement of bone mass, while bone mineral density is a measurement of bone strength. The minerals, commonly known as bone salts, and the organic matrix make up the tiny spaces between bone tissues.  
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The bone salts consist essentially of calcium, phosphates, carbon dioxide and water, with small amounts of other ions. Calcium, being the major mineral present in bones, makes it the major building block of its structure.  
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Milk is the best source of highly absorbable calcium. To stress its importance, the consumption of milk and milk products was accounted as one of the major guiding principles in the Nutritional 
Guidelines for Filipinos (NGF). The NGF was developed in 2000 by aTechnical Working Group (TWG) led by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST).
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In relation to this, various milk feeding programs are launched every year by different national and local agencies including the National Dairy Authority of the Department of Agriculture (NDA-DA) and the Department of Education (DepEd).
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The FNRI-DOST recently conducted a study to evaluate the efficacy of a school-based milk-feeding intervention among children in Metro Manila as measured by bone mineral content and bone mineral density using dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA).  
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The method is by far the most widely used technique for bone measurements. Although it uses x-rays to assess bone mineral density, the radiation dose is approximately one-tenth that of achest x-ray.
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Ninety-nine children, aged 6 – 8 years, were assigned into the milk group and the control group. Of these children, only eighty-five completed the 12-month milk feeding intervention. Calcium intake of both groups at baseline met only 49% of the recommended nutrient intake for calcium of 700 milligrams (mg) per day. The milk group consumed, on the average, an additional 278 mg calcium per day throughout the duration of the study while the control group, an additional 40 mg calcium intake per day. 
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Greater increases in bone mineral content (21% versus 18%) and bone mineral density (31% and 30%) were noted for the milk group. Increases in height and weight were also observed for both groups.
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Results of the study affirm the importance of milk in the daily diet of children and may be utilized to support House Bill 5463, otherwise known as the Milk Feeding Act. Said bill seeks to push a milk-feeding program for children aged 5 – 10 years old to address this nutritional problem among Filipino children.  
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After all, milk is also a good source of vital nutritional elements including high quality protein for building and repairing body tissues, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12 and phosphorus.
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For more information on food and nutrition, write or call: Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Director, Food and Nutrition Research Institute, Department of Science and Technology, General Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City. E-mail: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph or mar_v_c@yahoo.com; Telefax: 837-2934 and 827-3164, or call: 837-2071 local 2296 or visit our website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Michael E. Serafico, FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)
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Tagalog News: Lathalain: Kamote, iba pang lamang-ugat, maging butong-gulay katulong sa pagpapababa ng kolesterol
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Alam ba ninyo na ang mga lamang-ugat at butong-gulay na karaniwang kinakain ay nakatutulong magpababa ng kolesterol ng ating katawan?
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Ang mga lamang-ugat gaya ng kamote, cassava o balinghoy, tugi at mga butong-gulay katulad ng munggo, abitsuwelas, gisantes at mani, ay napatunayang nakatutulong sa pagpapababa ng total cholesterol, triglyceride at low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Ito ay ayon sa isang pag-aaaral ng Food and Nutrition Research Institute ng Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST).
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Ang mga lamang-ugat ay mayaman sa carbohydrates, ang pangunahing pinagkukunan ng enerhiya ng ating katawan. Ang mga butong-gulay naman ay nagbibigay ng protina na tagpag-buo ng katawan. Bukod sa mga sustansiyang ibinibigay, ang mga lamang-ugat at butong-gulay ay tinaguriang functional foods.
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Ayon kay Dr. Trinidad P. Trinidad, Scientist II ng FNRI-DOST, ang mga lamang-ugat at butong-gulay ay mayaman sa hibla o dietaryfiber. Ang dietary fiber ay iniuugnay sa pagsugpo ng pagkakaroon ng sakit sa puso, colon cancer at diabetes.
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Paano nakatutulong magpababa ng kolesterol ang dietary fiber? Ang bile acid sa apdo na isa sa mga tumutunaw ng taba sa mga pagkain sa ating tiyan ay gawa mula sa kolesterol. Imbes na bumalik ang bile acid sa atay at maging kolesterol muli, binibigkis ito ng dietary fiber at kasama itong inilalabas sa ating dumi.
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Kaya’t kumain na ng mga lamang-ugat at butong-gulay!
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Ang impormasyong ito ay hatid sa inyo ng FNRI-DOST, ang pangunahing ahensiya ng gobyerno sa pananaliksik sa pagkain at nutrisyon. Para sa karagdagang impormasyon at kaalaman sapagkain at nutrisyon, sumulat o tumawag kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Direktor, FNRI-DOST sa kanyang email address: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph o mar_v_c@yahoo.com o sa telepono bilang 837-2934/837-3164. Maaari ding bisitahin ang FNRI website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Charina A. Javier, FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)
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Tagalog News: Lathalain: Kumain ng isda, karne, manok at tuyong butong-gulay
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Ang Gabay sa Wastong Nutrisyon para sa Pilipino o NutritionalGuidelines for Filipinos na binalangkas sa pamumuno ng Food and Nutrition Research Institute ng Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) ay binubuo ng sampung pangunahingrekomendasyon na naglalayong itaguyod ang mabuting nutrisyon ng mga Pilipino.
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Ang pang-apat na gabay ay nagsasaad na “Kumain ng isda, karne, manok at tuyong butong-gulay”. Ipinapayo ang mensaheng ito upang maiwasto ang kakulangan sa sustansiya sa karaniwang kinakain ng mga Pilipino sa kasalukuyan.
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Ang isda, karne (manok, baka, baboy, at iba pa) at itlog ay makapagbibigay ng mabuting kalidad ng protina na mahalaga san paglaki at paglago ng mga bata at gayundin sa pagpapanatiling malusog ng body tissues ng mga matatanda. Sagana din ang mgaito sa tinatawag na preformed vitamin A, B-complex vitamins, yero o iron at zinc. 
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Ang preformed vitamin A ay direktang nagagamit ng katawan at mabisa ito para maiwasan ang kakulangan sa bitamina A at xeropthalmia, isang uri ng sakit sa mata dulot ng kakulangan sa bitamina A. Ang yero galing sa pagkaing hayop ay mas mabilis magamit ng katawan kaysa sa yero na galing sa pagkaing halaman kung kaya’t mas mabisa ito para maiwasan ang anemya.
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Ang mga tuyong butong-gulay ay mabuting panghalili sa mga pagkaing hayop. Bukod sa protina, yero at B-complex na taglay, sagana ang mga ito sa hibla o fiber, na tumutulong para sa maayos na pagdumi. Halimbawa ng tuyong butong-gulay ay munggo, tinuyong buto ng bataw, paayap, patani, at iba pa.
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Ang impormasyong ito ay hatid sa inyo ng FNRI-DOST, ang pangunahing ahensiya ng gobyerno sa pananaliksik sa pagkain atnutrisyon. Para sa karagdagang impormasyon at kaalaman sa pagkain at nutrisyon, sumulat o tumawag kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Direktor, FNRI-DOST sa kanyang email address: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph o mar_v_c@yahoo.com o sa telepono bilang 837-2934/837-3164. Maaari ding bisitahin ang FNRI website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Marilou R. Galang, FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)
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Tagalog News: Lathalain: Tubig na may iodine – pampatalino na, iwas goiter pa

Iminumungkahi ng Food and Nutrition Research Institute ng Department of Science and Technology (FNRI-DOST) na uminom ng walo o higit pang basong tubig araw-araw.
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Ang tubig ay importante sa buhay. Ito ay kailangan upang manatiling basa ang baga para sa normal na paghinga. Ang tubig ay kailangan para madala ang mga sustansiya sa buong katawan. Ang tubig angnagpapanatili rin sa tamang temperatura ng katawan para gumana ng mahusay. Kaya dapat uminom lagi ng tubig.
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Kaugnay nito, napagtuunang-pansin ng FNRI-DOST na gamitin ang tubig upang labanan ang kakulangan ng yodo o iodine. Ang kakulangan sa yodo o iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) sa mga Pilipino ay isa sa malaganap na ring kakulangan sa micronutrients, kasama na ang iron at bitamina A. Ang IDD ay responsable sa goiter o bosyo, mental retardation o kahinaan sa pag-iisip, at birth defects o depekto sa bagong silang na sanggol. 
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Kaya ang FNRI ay nagtimpla ng tubig na nilagyan ng tamang dami ng yodo. Ito ang “Tubig Talino”. Wala itong pinagkaiba sa lasa, amoy o kulay ng ibang nakaboteng tubig. Ang pag-inom ng limang (5) basonito ay ay magbibigay ng 1/3 o 33.3% ng kinakailangang yodo ng katawan sa isang araw.
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Kaya ugaliing uminom ng tubig araw-araw upang manatiling malusog. 
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Ang “Tubig Talino” ay makatutulong upang makamtan rin ang sapat na yodo na kailangan ng katawan.
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Ang impormasyong ito ay hatid sa inyo ng FNRI-DOST, ang pangunahing ahensiya ng gobyerno sa pananaliksik sa pagkain at nutrisyon. Para sa karagdagang impormasyon at kaalaman sa pagkain at nutrisyon, sumulat o tumawag kay Dr. Mario V. Capanzana, Direktor, FNRI-DOST sa kanyang email address: mvc@fnri.dost.gov.ph o mar_v_c@yahoo.com o sa telepono bilang 837-2934/837-3164. Maaari ding bisitahin ang FNRI website: http://www.fnri.dost.gov.ph. (Victor J. Alfonso, Jr., FNRI-DOST S&T Media Service)